Medical Dermatology

Rosacea

Rosacea is a very common skin condition most often seen in individuals 30-50 years old with fair skin and blonde hair or blue eyes. It often begins with the tendency for patients to flush or blush more easily. The redness then begins to slowly spread beyond the nose, cheeks, and may involve the forehead and chin. The skin is sometimes sensitive and may sting or burn. Some patients also develop red pimples (also called “Adult Acne.”) There are four general categories of rosacea, though its not uncommon to have features of more than one category.

  • Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: redness, flushing, visible blood vessels
  • Papulopustular rosacea: redness, swelling, pimples
  • Phymatous rosacea- thickened skin with a bumpy texture
  • Ocular rosacea- red and irritated eyes, swollen eyelids, may feel as if there is sand in the eyes

Several factors are known to cause rosacea symptoms to flare:

  • Sunlight
  • Heat
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • Spicy foods

In addition to avoiding triggers, there are several different medical therapies available for rosacea. Several effective topical lotions and creams address the factors causing inflammation and the resulting redness.